jueves, 13 de junio de 2019

The people's war and the revolution in the imperialist countries. Miguel Alonso

The people's war and the revolution in the imperialist countries.
Miguel Alonso

 "Revolutionary war is the war of the masses, and can only be carried out by mobilizing the masses and relying on them" Mao Tse-tung
"Let's worry about the well-being of the masses, let's pay attention to our methods of work" (January 27, 1934) Selected Works Volume I..

A central issue of the work of the communists in the industrialized imperialist countries is the revolutionary military line of the proletariat, the people's war applying it to the characteristics of these societies.
For years the Maoists in Europe have defended it, but we have not specified it. This does not mean that other non-Maoist organizations, such as the Red Brigades, the RAF, the GRAPOS, the IRA or ETA, have practiced armed struggle against the dictatorship states of the bourgeoisie. Some of them have been defined as Political-military or fighting parties, even departing from the Leninist conception of the Party.
Each was a response to situations of class struggle with its own characteristics or as liberation movements of oppressed nations (Ireland and Euskal Herria).
We could clearly indicate two types:
Those based on communism, formed by cadres who rejected the revisionism of the official "C"Ps, as in the case of Italy or the GRAPOs in the Spanish State, the Greek LAP / ELA and the OR November 17 or with a greater weight of autonomous anarchist sectors, the RAF in Germany.
The actions, their objectives, of one and the other, clearly had a class component. Not so, its relationship with the masses, being this much closer in Red Brigades or the GRAPOs. The Rote Armes Fraktion, operated from areas of the far left university.
Those based on nationalism, such as the historic IRA, the Basque organization ETA or the FNLC of Corsica, focused their objectives on the independence of the territories, of these oppressed nations, around a diffuse socialist discourse. Their attacks focused on the repressive forces or the interests of the metropolis, while maintaining organizations of important legal masses.
In all of them, the weight of the Latin American guerrilla organizations of the 60s was very important, because it is, in the cities of these countries, where important urban guerrilla organizations emerge, based on the experience of the guerrilla center that defended Che Guevara and the so-called armed propaganda. (1)
The present text, does not intend to be exhaustive in the history and development of the same, but to point out the frameworks in which these experiences of armed struggle against the bourgeois imperialist states unfold.
There is a characteristic that also unites them, all of them, the development of liquidation currents in their interior, that together with an effective repressive policy of the bourgeois regimes, have led to the disappearance of them.
On the revolution in the imperialist or developed countries there is no clarity in the speeches, because while the Maoists defend the people's war, others consider that it is impossible to realize it, on this important issue we will focus the present text.
In the 1980s, the RIM took stock of these movements. Some seem to want to forget it.
Recently, comrade José Mª Sisón wrote an article on the issue of the people's war in the imperialist countries, to which the Norwegian comrades of Tjen Folket responded by opening a necessary polemic on the universality of the people's war or its exclusive application to the countries semi-colonial and oppressed.
Point of departure, we take a position decided by the universal character of the People's War, which is the theory and military practice of the proletariat. However, we see with concern that comrades, as in the Maoist movement in the 60s and 70s, consider it the same, as a calco and copy in every situation. This is something alien to m-l-m, with little, it is vulgar mechanicism, contrary to the concrete analysis of the concrete situation that Comrade Lenin taught us.
As we pointed out at the beginning of the document, in the appointment of Pdte. Mao, the people's war is the war of the masses and as a military theory you have at your disposal multiple weapons, appropriate to the different conditions of struggle.
The People's War is not a leftist slogan comrades, it is a tool for liberation, for the solution of the Problem of Power, that is, to make the Revolution.
Those who deny the people's war are denying the possibility of making revolution in the imperialist metropolises. They act as followers of the theories of Avakian and traitor Prachanda.
Weapons are the necessary instrument, but they must be carried by the masses, whether in the hands or in the heart. They are worth little, in the hands of companions who, however brave and heroic they may be, are detached from the masses. That would be to repeat foquismo or voluntarism, and 
In essence, an opportunist tendency of the left.
In the imperialist states, the big cities prevail, a tendency driven by capitalism in the imperialist phase, in which, like the rest of the territory, the presence of the bourgeois state is widespread, in which the communications network is wide and the forces repressive forces can move quickly and have a large arsenal of weapons and equipment.
This is so! In this, Comrade Sison is right. In what is not right is that it prevents people from doing war. Like the judo fighters, we must know how to use, the enemy's own strength to defeat him. The masses are almighty, they make history. It is not a simple statement of praise to them. You have to assume and apply this!
"A single spark can set fire to the meadow," said Pdte. Mao and that spark (Iskra) can jump anywhere and communists have a duty to direct it on the right targets. In the countryside or in the cities, if a revolt even spontaneous erupts (nothing is spontaneous if we know the feeling of the masses, if we correctly apply mass line), we must not only support it but direct it and extend it. Not doing so, stammering "is not people's war" is not only ridiculous, it is not understanding "the masses make history".
Our task is to create a party of revolutionary cadres, armed with the m-l-m, able to prepare the revolution with the three magic wands (The Party, the Popular Army and the Single Front)
In the imperialist countries, the whole territory is the scene of the people's war, both the countryside and the city, even the computer networks have become a battlefield.
The latter must be taken into account, because the means of espionage and control of the bourgeoisie, have had a very important qualitative leap with current technology. Remember comrades, that the use of technology also has a class component. Some claim that they are simple business practices. Do you really believe what they say?
Norwegian comrades remember that communists have nothing to hide, it is true, the masses and the bourgeoisie know, but that does not mean that we should expose ourselves, bring a target on us, which we are supposed to act clandestinely. No comrades, the more diffuse our shadow, the more effective we will be to face repression and make revolution.
The Filipino comrades have made various mistakes over 50 years of existence, but they hold up the red flag of the people's war, they have accumulated experience and faced criticism and self-criticism of complex situations. We can and we have differences with them, but they are our comrades, we can not forget it.
In public criticism among communists and their organizations, it is common not to publicly name organizations or people. This practice was followed by the Maoists in all their line struggles within the party or with others until they became antagonistic. The expression "some or those" implied that criticism had a character even in the bosom of the people, "to save the patient". It is possible that Comrade Sison uses this language, in any case the debate must focus on the ideas presented, which are erroneous or inaccurate. Never in insults or disqualifications.
In the middle of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, a black current, disguised as a left, advocated attacking everyone, destroying everyone and mounting a great hubbub. In reality they fomented chaos, to avoid being detected and to blame everyone for their crimes, trying to confuse the targets of the revolution.
To conclude, we can not fail to point out the erroneousness of the slogan "People's War to Communism" with which the comrades of Tjen Folket conclude their document. Such a statement has no meaning. In the dictatorship of the proletariat in both the democratic-popular or socialist stages, the contradictions will be resolved by the Proletarian Cultural Revolutions, as Comrade Mao Tse-tung pointed out and not by the People's War that corresponds to the period of the overthrow of the bourgeois states.


(1) Basic texts of this current are "The guerrilla war" of Ernesto Che Guevara, "The mini-manual of the urban guerrilla" by Carlos Marighella or the texts of Abrahan Guillen.
(La traducción es automatica del Google translator.) 

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